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### Land Terms

#### Inch (in) equivalents and conversions

**inch (in)**is a unit of length used in the English system of measurement.

One (1) inch is equal to 0.0833

**feet**.

One (1) inch is equal to 2.54

**centimeters (cm)**.

One (1) inch is equal to 0.1262

**links**.

One (1) inch is equal to 0.0278

**yards**.

One (1) inch is equal to 0.0051

**rods**,

**poles**, or

**perches**.

One (1) inch is equal to 0.0013

**chains**.

One (1) inch is equal to 0.00013

**furlongs**.

One (1) inch is equal to 0.00002

**miles**.

One (1) inch is equal to 0.0254

**meter (m)**.

One (1) inch is equal to 0.00003

**kilometers (km)**.

For conversion examples, see the various

**Converting inches to...**entries.

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#### Kilometer (km)

**meters**, or 0.6214

**miles**. For conversion factors and examples, see

**Kilometer (km) equivalents and conversions**and the various

**Converting kilometers to...**examples.

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#### Kilometer (km) equivalents and conversions

**kilometer**is a unit of length used in the metric system of measurement.

One (1) kilometer (km) is equal to 1,000

**meters (m)**.

One (1) kilometer is equal to 100,000

**centimeters (cm)**.

One (1) kilometer is equal to 0.62137

**miles**.

One (1) kilometer is equal to 39,370.079

**inches (in)**.

One (1) kilometer is equal to 3,280.84

**feet (ft)**.

One (1) kilometer is equal to 1,093.613

**yards**.

One (1) kilometer is equal to 4,970.959

**links**.

One (1) kilometer is equal to 198.8388

**rods**,

**poles**, or

**perches**.

One (1) kilometer is equal to 49.71

**chains**.

One (1) kilometer is equal to 4.971

**furlongs**.

See the various

**Converting kilometers to...**entries for specific conversion examples.

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#### Link

**surveys**, named for the links of the

**chain**formerly used by surveyors. There are 100 links in one (1) chain. One (1) link is equal to 0.66

**feet**, 0.04

**rods**, 0.01 chains, or 0.20

**meters**.

For equivalents, conversion factors, and examples, see

**Link equivalents and conversions**and the various

**Converting links to...**entries.

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#### Link equivalents and conversions

**link**is a unit of length used in land

**surveys**.

One (1) link is equal to 0.66

**feet**.

One (1) link is equal to 0.01

**chains**.

One (1) link is equal to 0.001

**furlongs**.

One (1) link is equal to 0.04

**rods**,

**poles**, or

**perches**.

One (1) link is equal to 7.92

**inches**.

One (1) link is equal to 0.22

**yards**.

One (1) link is equal to 0.0001

**miles**.

One (1) link is equal to 20.1168

**centimeters (cm)**.

One (1) link is equal to 0.2012

**meters (m)**.

One (1) link is equal to 0.0002

**kilometers (km)**.

See the various

**Converting links to...**entries for conversion examples.

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#### Littoral Rights

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#### Meander line

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#### Meter (m)

**feet**. See also

**Meter (m) equivalents and conversions**and the various

**Converting meters (m) to...**entries.

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#### Meter (m) equivalents and conversions

**meter (m)**is equal to 100

**centimeters (cm)**.

One (1) meter is equal to 0.001

**kilometers (km)**.

One (1) meter is equal to 3.2808

**feet (ft)**.

One (1) meter is equal to 1.0936

**yards**.

One (1) meter is equal to 0.00497

**furlongs**.

One (1) meter is equal to 0.0497

**chains**.

One (1) meter is equal to 39.3701

**inches (in)**.

One (1) meter is equal to 4.97096

**links**.

One (1) meter is equal to 0.0006

**miles**.

One (1) meter is equal to 0.1988

**rods**,

**poles**, or

**perches**.

See the various

**Converting meters (m) to...**entries for conversion examples.

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#### Mile

**statute mile**, a mile is equal to 5,280

**feet**or 1.6093

**kilometers (km)**. For additional information and conversion examples, see

**Mile equivalents and conversions**or the various

**Converting miles to...**entries.

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#### Mile equivalents and conversions

**feet**.

One (1) mile is equal to 80

**chains**.

One (1) mile is equal to 8,000

**links**.

One (1) mile is equal to eight (8)

**furlongs**.

One (1) mile is equal to 320

**rods**,

**poles**, or

**perches**.

One (1) mile is equal to 1,760

**yards**.

One (1) mile is equal to 63,360

**inches**.

One (1) mile is equal to 160,934.4

**centimeters**.

One (1) mile is equal to 1,609.344

**meters**.

One (1) mile is equal to 1.6093

**kilometers**.

See the various

**Converting miles to...**entries for conversion examples.

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#### Perch

**Rod, pole, or perch equivalents and conversions**and the various

**Converting rods, poles, or perches to...**entries.

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#### Plat

**subdivisions**, and are usually publicly recorded documents.

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#### Plus or minus

**Definition:**Approximately; more or less. This phrase is commonly used as a disclaimer in real estate advertisements and listings, meaning that the actual area (square feet, square meters, acres, hectares, etc.) of a structure or parcel of land may be slightly different than stated due to survey errors, rounding of numbers, measurement discrepancies, and so on.

Commonly abbreviated as +⁄− or ±.

Terms, Definitions, and Concepts: Land Measurement, Legal (Law), Real Estate, Survey

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#### Pole popular

**rod**or one square rod, commonly used in land

**surveys**. The terms,

**rod**, pole, and

**perch**are equivalent and may be used interchangeably, although "rod" is the most common. One (1) pole is equal to 25

**links**, 16.5

**feet**, or 1/4 (0.25)

**chain**. For conversions and examples, see

**Rod, pole, or perch equivalents and conversions**and the various

**Converting rods, poles, or perches to...**entries.

2. A roundwood product used primarily for structural support. Tree species used for poles are selected for resistance to weather, wear, and mechanical stress and include lodgepole pine, Douglas-fir, western hemlock, and a variety of southern pines.

**3.**Term applied to trees that have too small a

**diameter**to be considered

**sawlogs**, but are useful as structural supports, flagpoles, etc.

**4.**The end of an axis, as in poles of the earth or of cellular mitotic spindles in plants and animals.

**5.**Either of two opposing parts, forces, or situations, as in magnets, batteries, or opinions.

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#### Ramsden's chain

**surveys**than a

**Gunter's**or

**surveyor's chain**, the Ramsden's or

**engineer's chain**is 100

**feet**in length, with 100 1-foot links. The terms "engineer's chain" and "Ramsden's chain" apply primarily to the measuring utensil itself and not to any particular unit of length.

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#### Rancho

2. A small farm.

3. A small building or group of small buildings (houses, huts, or bunkhouses) for housing ranch workers.

4. Same as "ranch".

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#### Range

2. A row or tier of townships lying east or west of the principal meridian and numbered successively to the east and to the west from the principal meridian. Abbreviated as R1E (range 1E), R2E (range 2 east), R1W (range 1 west), and so on.

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#### Range

Range

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#### Rod

**surveys**. The terms, rods,

**poles**, and

**perches**are equivalent and may be used interchangeably, although "rod" is the most common. One (1) rod is equal to 25

**links**, 16.5

**feet**, or 1/4 (0.25)

**chain**. For conversions and examples, see

**Rod, pole, or perch equivalents and conversions**and the various

**Converting rods, poles, or perches to...**entries.

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#### Rod, pole, or perch equivalents and conversions

**rod**is a unit of length used in land

**surveys**.

One (1) rod is equal to one (1)

**pole**or

**perch**.

One (1) rod is equal to 16.5

**feet**.

One (1) rod is equal to 0.25

**chains**.

One (1) rod is equal to 25

**links**.

One (1) rod is equal to 0.025

**furlongs**.

One (1) rod is equal to 198

**inches**.

One (1) rod is equal to 5.5

**yards**.

One (1) rod is equal to 0.0031

**miles**.

One (1) rod is equal to 502.92

**centimeters**.

One (1) rod is equal to 5.0292

**meters**.

One (1) rod is equal to 0.00503

**kilometers**.

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#### Rood

**acre**, 40

**square rods**, or 10,890.0

**square feet**. For more rood conversions, see

**rood conversions or equivalents**or

**converting roods**.

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#### Rood equivalents and conversions

**acre**. One (1) rood is equal to 40

**square rods**. One (1) rood is equal to 2.5

**square chains**. One (1) rood is equal to 10,890.0

**square feet**. One (1) rood is equal to 1,210.0

**square yards**. One (1) rood is equal to 0.2959

**arpents**. One (1) rood is equal to 0.0004

**sections**or

**square miles**. One (1) rood is equal to 0.00001

**townships**. One (1) rood is equal to 1,011.7141

**square meters**. One (1) rood is equal to 0.1012

**hectares**. One (1) rood is equal to 0.001

**square kilometers**.

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#### Section

**acres**, within a

**township**. Sections are used in the

**government rectangular survey system (U.S. Public Lands Survey)**. Each section is approximately 1/36th (0.0278) of a township. Irregularities exist due to the curvature of the earth; these irregularities are corrected for in the northern and western tiers of sections in each township. One (1) section is equal to 640 acres, one (1) mile square, one (1)

**square mile**, and 27,878,400

**square feet**.

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#### Section equivalents or conversions

**township**is one (1) mile square and has an area of one (1)

**square mile**. One (1) section is equal to 640

**acres**. One (1) section is equal to 27,878,400

**square feet**. One (1) section is equal to 2.59

**square kilometers**. One (1) section is equal to 3,097,600

**square yards**. One (1) section is equal to 102,399.59

**square rods**,

**poles**, or

**perches**. One (1) section is equal to 6,399.9744

**square chains**. One (1) section is equal to 2,560.0

**roods**. One (1) section is equal to 757.5523

**arpents**. One (1) section is equal to 0.0278 (1/36th)

**townships**. One (1) section is equal to 2,589,988.1103

**square meters**. One (1) section is equal to 258.9988

**hectares**.

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